A Cross Sectional Study on Breastfeeding Practices among Mothers of Rural Population in Bareilly District


  • Islam Afrin Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Integral Institute of Medical Sciences (IIMS),Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Anas Ahmad Khan Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, United Institute of Medical Sciences, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Danish Imtiaz Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College (ANMMMC), Gaya, Bihar, India


Breastfeeding, Exclusive breastfeeding, Infants.


Background: Breastfeeding is the natural way of providing young infants with the optimal nutrients needed for healthy growth and development of infants. Following delivery, separation of mother and baby should be delayed for at least first hour to promote initiation of breastfeeding besides allowing uninterrupted skin-to-skin contact. As per National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4 statistics, children under 3 years breastfed within one hour of birth was 40.1%. Aim andObjective: To study the breastfeeding practices among mothers belonging to rural population in Bareilly district of Uttar Pradesh. Methodology: The cross sectional study was conducted among the mothers who gave birth to a live baby within the last 6 months in the rural field practice area under RHTC of Department of Community Medicine, Shri Ram MurtiSmarak Institute of Medical Sciences (SRMS IMS) at Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh. The study was conducted over a period of one year i.e. from 1st July 2015 to 30th June, 2016. Data collected was entered in SPSS Version 20. Results: Overall 300mothers participated in the study andwere enquired about their breastfeeding practices. It was observed that breast feeding was initiated within 1 hour in only 10(15.2%) of home deliveries as against 46(19.7%) institutional deliveries.Breast milk given as first feed to the baby after birth was more in 178(76.0%) institutional deliveries than 18(27.3%) home deliveries. Conclusion: This study necessitate the need for breastfeeding intervention programs to be organized especially for the antenatal mother and during postnatal check-ups to sensitize them about the importance of early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding besides cautioning them against harmful and widely prevalent practice of prelacteal feeding.




How to Cite

Islam Afrin, Anas Ahmad Khan, & Danish Imtiaz. (2021). A Cross Sectional Study on Breastfeeding Practices among Mothers of Rural Population in Bareilly District. International Journal of Health and Clinical Research, 4(14), 162–165. Retrieved from https://www.ijhcr.com/index.php/ijhcr/article/view/2310