A prospective study of audiological profile in patients with diabetes mellitus in tertiary care hospital
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, SNHL, insulin, vascular complications.
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemic resulting from defects of the secretion and/or action of insulin, which can cause a variety of metabolic, neurological and vascular complications. Materials and methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out from January 2021 to December 2021. 100 consecutive diabetic patients (type 1 and type 2) of either gender visiting the outpatient department of medicine patients were included in the study. They were diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus according to the criteria given by the American Diabetes Association. Inclusion criteria included diabetic patients were in the age limit between 30 – 55 years and patients willing to undergo the investigations. Results: In our study, the subjects were divided into 4 groups on the basis of duration of diabetes. It is found that greater the duration of diabetes, greater is the prevalence of SNHL. The duration of DM is a significant factor responsible for SNHL in diabetics (chi-square test, p value < 0.001). Conclusion: Greater the duration of DM, greater will be the prevalence of SNHL. Greater the duration of DM, higher will be the severity of SNHL. Uncontrolled diabetic status has an increased prevalence of SNHL. Severity of SNHL is high among uncontrolled diabetic group compared to controlled diabetic group.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Amit Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Choudhary
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