Study of oral premalignant and malignant lesions in a tertiary care teaching centre of North India
Keywords:Oral squamous cell carcinoma, malignant lesions, epidemiological factors, oral cavity.
Background :Oral malignancies are the sixth most common cancer around the globe. However, In India oral cancer is one of the leading carcinoma is squamous cell carcinoma these days. Its incidence is 12.6 per 1,00,000 population. Oral carcinoma is a common health problem with developing prevalence and mortality rates. Prevention or early finding of premalignant and oral cancer requires increased public awareness. Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequent of oral carcinomas and represents about 3% of all human malignant tumours. Methods : This cross-sectional study was conducted in Government Medical College associated Hospital, Datia from February 2018 to February 2019. Total 88 patients suffering from oral lesions were included in the study both premalignant and malignant lesions. The patients were asked about the detailed clinical history and daily routine habits to eliminate exposure to known carcinogens. Result:In this study total Males were 52 and females were 36 (M:F=1.3:1). The mean age was 56.2 years. The largest number of patients of premalignant cases was between age group 41-60 years and malignant cases between age group 51-70 years. Regarding substance abuse maximum patents was tobacco was chewers then smokers then tobacco chewers as well as and some was no addiction to tobacco or smoking.Conclusion : This study explores the prevalence of oral lesions in this area and attempts to correlate the various risk factors with the lesions identified. Present studies were pattern and presentation of premalignant as well as malignant lesions in oral cavity and result of epidemiological factors and daily lifestyle habits on the scenario of oral cavity.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Shweta Shrivastava, Shruti Singh, Kamal Kachhawa, Rajesh Gaur, Divya Agrawal, Sanjay Kumar
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