Prevalence of Hypertension and its determinants among adults in a rural community of Koppal, Karnataka
Keywords:Hypertension, Adult, Smoking, Waist- Hip Ratio.
Background: Globally, Hypertension emerged as the major public health problem in the recent decades owing to demographic transition, increased urbanization and cultivation of unhealthy lifestyles. Hypertension is the single largest contributor to the avoidable deaths and diseases in India. Objectives:1.To estimate the prevalence of Hypertension among adults in the study setting and 2.To determine various factors associated with Hypertension. Methods: A cross sectional community-based study was conducted in the field practice area of PHC, Irkalagada, Koppal for a duration of 3 months from September 2019 to November 2019. Cluster sampling technique was used for sample selection and a total of 629 adults were included. Data collection was done using pretested and semi structured questionnaire; BP measurement and anthropometric measurements were taken using standard techniques. Statistical analysis was done using WHO Epi info software version 3.5.4. Results: The prevalence of hypertension among adults was found to be 131 (20.82%) in the present study. The study found significant association between prevalence of hypertension and Age, Body mass index, Waist to hip ratio, Alcohol consumption, Smoking and Physical activity of the study participants.Conclusion: The present study revealed that the burden of hypertension among adults is high in the study setting and identifies multiple risk factors for effective planning of interventions.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Vijaykumar Mane, Smita M Nimbannavr
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