Prevalence and determinants of frozen shoulder in patients with diabetes: An original research
Keywords:Adhesive capsulitis, diabetes mellitus, frozen shoulder, determinants, prevalence.
Introduction: Adhesive capsulitis is a group of symptoms involving the glenohumeral joint which is a musculoskeletal problem that can affect the diabetics. The goal of this study is to determine the prevalence of FS and compare the disease's factors in a diabetic community. Materials and Methods: We piloted an observational cross-sectional study among 100 diabetics of both genders. The study was done for a period of 2 years, at a territary care center. We designed a questionnaire that collected the patients’ responses. These questions were formulated considering the important factors that may cause the Adhesive capsulitis among diabetics with an increased rate. Results: We observed that nearly 40% of the subject complained of the Adhesive capsulitis. The prevalence was at the department was 52.1%. The factors that were that were seen more associated among these cases of the Adhesive capsulitis were positive family history, uncontrolled blood glucose, insulin dependence and females. Greater number of the subjects had unilateral Adhesive capsulitis and was at stage 1 for the Adhesive capsulitis. Conclusion: Within the limitations of our study we observed a greater incidence of the Adhesive capsulitis among diabetics. This greater occurrence may be attributed to the poor glycemic control, lack of facilities, awareness, socio economic levels. Awareness camps are suggested to create education about these conditions targeting the female diabetics. Early intervention may alter the disease course and may favor a good prognosis. Further studies are suggested to find association of the diabetes and the Adhesive capsulitis.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Bijoy Chirayath, Manesh Kumar, Joy Dennis Joseph, Suchita Chandrabhan Dake, Mylesh Ravisankar Dakshinamurthy, Parvesh Kaliramna, Rahul VC Tiwari
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