A Hospital Based Prospective Study to Assessment of Postoperative Complications of Patients Underwent Gallbladder Surgery (Open Cholecystectomy)
Keywords:Open Cholecystectomy, Complications, Bile Stone.
Background: Gallstones are the most common biliary pathology. Minor complications (biliary and non-biliary) are usually treated conservatively. Major complications (biliary and vascular) are life threatening and increase mortality rate, therefore creating the need for conversion to open surgical approach in order to treat them. The aim of this study to assessment of postoperative complications of patients underwent gallbladder surgery (Cholecystectomy).Materials & Methods: A hospital based prospective study done on 50 cases of open cholecystectomy have been selected in the department of general surgery. The analysis included operative protocols, anesthesiology records, the medical history which included the history of the disease, documented laboratory findings and imaging results. The results were considered statistically significant if the p < 0.05. The statistical analysis was performed by using statistical package SPSS v. 21.Results: Out of the 50 patients in the study, 24 were female (48%), and 26 were male (52%). The median age was 60.7 years, including participants that were 20 to 85 year old. Mostly patients (90%) had <30 kg/m2 BMI in our study. Duration of surgery was 66.5 minutes, 26.4 ml blood loss, 6.7 days stay in hospital and return to work was 19.2 days approximately in open cholecystectomy.Conclusion: Major biliary and vascular complications are life threatening, while minor complications cause patient discomfort and prolongation of the hospital stay. It is important recognizing IOC complications during the surgery so they are taken care of in a timely manner during the surgical intervention.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Rambilas Singh, Pradeep Kumar Garg
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