An observational study on analysis of incidence of cardiovascular diseases in various stages of HIV

Authors

  • Kavya Pingali Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Government General Hospital, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Keywords:

Cardiovascular diseases, CD4 count, pericardial effusion, cardiomyopathy, Pulmonary hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, diastolic hypertension, CAD, and valvular heart disease.

Abstract

Objective: To identify the incidence of cardiovascular diseases in various stages of HIV by clinical profile, electrocardiogram and echocardiography. Methods: A Prospective, clinical, and echocardiographic study conducted during a period of October 2020 to February 2021 on 100 patients who are treated in government general hospital, Vijayawada. The CD4 count, X-ray chest, ECG, and two-dimensional echocardiography were taken and cardiac findings were analyzed statistically. Results: Of 100 patients, there is occurrence of 18.18% of pericardial effusion, 22.72% of cardiomyopathy, 13.63% in pulmonary hypertension, 9.09% of left ventricular hypertrophy, and 13.63% of CAD, 4.54% of diastolic dysfunction, MVPS, and valvular heart disease. Conclusion: In the light of these results, it can be concluded that the Cardiac involvement and cardiovascular complications are commonly seen in HIV-infected patients and these complications are increasing with the increase of the stages of the HIV.

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Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

Kavya Pingali. (2021). An observational study on analysis of incidence of cardiovascular diseases in various stages of HIV. International Journal of Health and Clinical Research, 4(14), 398–401. Retrieved from https://www.ijhcr.com/index.php/ijhcr/article/view/4856