A Prospective to evaluate Nitric Oxide Concentrations in Normal Pregnancy and Preeclampsia
Keywords:Pregnancy, preeclampsia, nitric oxide.
Background: During pregnancy Nitric oxide is one of the most important relaxing factors for myometrium and also in the control of blood flow in uterus and placenta. Nitric oxide is generated by endothelial type II nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and acts as a vasodilator. Aim: To investigate the level of nitric oxide (NO) production in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia and in normal pregnancy. Materials and Methods: A case control study was undertaken in Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. The study population was pregnant women having preeclampsia and normal pregnancy between 29 to 40 weeks of gestation. As because of transient and volatile nature of nitric oxide, it was unsuitable to measure the nitric oxide level by conventional method. However, two stable break down product, nitrate and nitrate could be easily detected by sprectophototric means. Nitrate (NO2 ) was first converted to Nitrite (NO3 ) by reduction process using cadmium. Then concentration was measured by using Griess reagent in U- V sprectophototric machine. Results: The mean nitrite level was found 18.37±3.64 mol/L in case group and 25.57±2.11mol/ L in control group, which was significantly (p<0.05) higher in control group. The mean serum creatinine level was found 1.19±0.28 mg/dl in case group and 0.65±0.1 mg/dl in control group. The mean serum creatinine level was significantly (p<0.05) higher in case groups. Nitrite level had no correlation with onset of hypertension (r=-0.006; p=0.966), onset of proteinuria (r=0.071; p=0.623), systolic blood pressure (r=0.012; p=0.933), diastolic blood pressure (r=-0.159; p=0.269) and urine protein (r=0.047, p=0.748). Conclusion: As pregnancy progressed there was a decrease in plasma nitric oxide levels in preeclampsia. Urine uric acid to creatinine ratio increased with the decrease in nitric oxide levels and can be used as a marker for preeclampsia.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Himanshu Shekhar, Ranveer, Vijayendra Prasad
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