Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes in Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy
Keywords:Maternal mortality, Preeclampsia, Perinatal mortality.
Introduction: Preeclampsia refers to the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation in a previously normotensive woman. Pregnant women with preeclampsia are at an increased risk of adverse maternal, fetal and neonatal complications. The objective of the study is, therefore, to determine the maternal and perinatal outcome of preeclampsia without severity feature among women managed at a tertiary referral hospital in ASRAM, eluru. Materials and Methods: All patients beyond 20 weeks with pre-eclampsia admitted to ASRAM Hospital during two-year study period were enrolled in the study.Sample size is 100.The objective of this study was to analyze the type and rate of maternal and perinatal complications in preeclampsia. Women with preexisting renal disease, chronic hypertension, anemia, heart disease, epilepsy, thrombophilias, hemolytic disease, preexisting liver disease were excluded from the study. Obstetrics management was done as per existing protocol in the department. Magnesium sulphate was the drug of choice to control convulsions. Blood pressure was controlled by either tablet alpha methyl dopa or nifedipine or both. Results: Preeclampsia cases accounted for 100 (4.9%) of total deliveries. Majority (86.52%) were unbooked cases between 20 -25 years of age (63.48%) and were primigravida (60.44%) belonging to low socioeconomic status (73.91%). Commonest maternal complication in present study was eclampsia (34.56%) Total maternal deaths accounted for 14. Most common cause for maternal mortality was eclampsia with HELLP (9,64.28%). Total perinatal deaths accounted for164 and most common cause for perinatal death was prematurity (47,28.65%). Conclusion: Preeclampsia is major leading cause for poor maternal and fetal outcome. Regular antenatal checkup , early diagnosis , early interventions , early referral to tertiary centers, optimum timing and mode of delivery and awareness among patients will reduce both maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality.
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Copyright (c) 2023 B Ramya Sri Sai, K Vandana, Munni SK
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