Evaluation of mediastinal mass lesions by computed tomography


  • Praveen M Mundaganur Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Alameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, India


Thymic masses, Anterior mediastinal masses, Computed Tomography.


Introduction: Tumors (benign to severely malignant), cysts, vascular anomalies, lymph node masses, mediastinitis, and mediastinal fibrosis are only few of the disorders that impact the mediastinum. The aim of this study was to examine the computed tomographic characteristics of mediastinal mass lesions in plain and contrast-enhanced scans, as well as the distribution of mediastinal masses and their extension to adjacent structures, and to compare CT findings with pathological diagnosis whenever possible. Materials and Methods: Present study was conducted on 42 cases in the age between two to seventy years for a period of November 2019 to March 2021 in the Department of Radio-diagnosis, Alameen Medical College, Bijapur, Karnataka, referred patients from Medicine, Surgery, and evaluated through detailed history, necessary physical examination and computed tomography are carried out using CT scan-GE 16slicescannerwithboth Plain and Contrast study. Results: CT with a diagnostic accuracy of 83% is a highly useful modality for the investigation of mediastinal masses. Majority of the masses, showed heterogeneous enhancement, i.e., 45% followed by homogenous enhancement; 26% non enhancing masses constituted 12%. Conclusion: CT plays a significant role in the assessment of various mediastinal pathology, regarding diagnosis, distribution pattern and mass effect on adjacent structures.




How to Cite

Praveen M Mundaganur. (2022). Evaluation of mediastinal mass lesions by computed tomography. International Journal of Health and Clinical Research, 5(1), 245–248. Retrieved from https://www.ijhcr.com/index.php/ijhcr/article/view/3988